Guns Safety Rules

Guns safety rules

Guns are dangerous when not handled or used properly and can easily injure or kill you, and those around you. There are no second chances with a gun and the rules for safe gun handling must always be followed to avoid undesired accidents caused by firearms.

Gun safety rules intended to avoid accidental or negligent discharge or the consequences of firearm malfunctions. Their purpose is to eliminate or minimize the risks of unintentional death, injury or damage caused by improper possession, storage, or handling of firearms.

  1. Always treat every gun with the respect due a loaded gun,
  2. Always carry only empty guns, taken down or with the action open,
  3. Always make sure that the barrel and action are clear of obstructions,
  4. Always keep the gun pointed in a safe direction,
  5. Always keep your finger straight and off the trigger until you are ready to shoot,
  6. Always keep the gun unloaded until you are ready to use it,
  7. Never point the gun at anything you don’t intend to destroy it,
  8. Be sure of your target and what is beyond it before you pull the trigger,
  9. Always learn the mechanical and handling characteristics of the gun you are using,
  10. Always use proper Ammunition,
  11. Never shoot at a flat, hard surface or the surface of water,
  12. Do not mix gunpowder and alcohol,
  13. If your gun fails to fire when the trigger is pulled, hold your shooting position for several seconds; then with the muzzle pointed in a safe direction, carefully unload the gun,
  14. Be aware of your surroundings when handling guns so you don’t trip or lose your balance and accidentally point and/or fire the gun at anyone or anything.

Beside of this general safety rules many peoples and association propose or provides safety rules in different ways. some of this rules are:

Jeff Cooper, an influential figure in modern firearms training, formalized and popularized “Four Rules” of safe firearm handling. This rules are,

  1. All guns are always loaded.
  2. Never let the muzzle cover anything you are not willing to destroy.
  3. Keep your finger off the trigger until your sights are on the target.
  4. Be sure of your target and what is beyond it.

The National Rifle Association provides a similar set of rules:

  1. ALWAYS keep the gun pointed in a safe direction.
  2. ALWAYS keep your finger off the trigger until ready to shoot.
  3. ALWAYS keep the gun unloaded until ready to use.

Project Appleseed provides similar rules for their rifle marksmanship clinics:

  1. Always keep the muzzle in a safe direction.
  2. Do not load until given the load command.
  3. Keep your finger off the trigger until the sights are on the target.
  4. Make sure those around you follow the safety rules.

The Canadian Firearms Program uses the concept of The Four Firearm ACTS:

  1. Assume every firearm is loaded.
  2. Control the muzzle direction at all times.
  3. Trigger finger off trigger and out of trigger guard.
  4. See that the firearm is unloaded. PROVE it safe.

Range Safety

  1. Know and follow all the rules of the Shooting Range.
  2. Listen and do what the Range Master tells you to do.
  3. Uncase and case your gun at the shooting bench, never behind the safety line.
  4. Always keep the barrel pointed down range.
  5. Always keep the gun on safe until you intend to shoot.
  6. Always wear eye and ear protection when shooting.
  7. Never shoot at water or hard surfaces.

Hunting Safety

  1. When hunting in a group, always pick one person to act as a Safety Officer for the Day or Trip.
  2. Establish and share everyone’s zone of fire with each other and know where everyone is at all times.
  3. Always keep the gun on safe until you intend to shoot.
  4. Never climb over anything with a loaded gun in your hand or on your person.
  5. Never use a scope on a gun as Binoculars.
  6. If you fall or trip, control your muzzle. Afterward, check the gun for damage and/or obstructions in the barrel.
  7. When in Doubt; Don’t shoot.

Always remember that guns are not toys and should be treated with respect